Tag Archives: Moving to Dickinson, North Dakota

Housing, Employment, Cost of Living

Haynes And Boone, The Most Insightful Oil Industry Report I Have Seen

When I first came to work in North Dakota in 2011 during the oil boom, I did not know very much about the oil industry.  I just never really cared to know, I had never had the need to know.

During my first days after arriving in North Dakota, it was so busy here, that every company I visited in Williston offered me a job, if I could find a place to live.  About every other company that I stopped at in Dickinson offered me a job.

I accepted a job at a small oil field service company in Dickinson, partly because the manager offered to let me stay in my truck camper in the company yard, and there was a shower in the office that I could use.  (At this time, small old studio apartments rented for $1,500 per month in Dickinson, if you could even find one available.)

The oil field service company in Dickinson that I went to work for, they serviced, repaired, and installed oil well pump jacks.  From my previous years of experience working as a superintendent and project manager for the erection of communication towers and construction of communication sites, I had operated crane trucks, backhoes, bobcats, excavators, and used surveying equipment to measure and layout the placement of towers and equipment on site.

Very quickly, I became a little frustrated working at the oil field service company in Dickinson, because my local Dickinson co-workers were not sharing information.  During the installation of oil well pump jacks, I would have liked to have known, where they were getting the measurements for the placement of the concrete pad, and the pump jack, relative to the well head.  I would also like to have known, the measurements for the clamping of the horse head bridle to the pump rod.

Over the past eight years of working in the oil field in North Dakota and Texas, I have experienced that people working in the oil industry don’t share information readily.  I have discovered that there are very few people in the oil industry who have vast encompassing knowledge, the majority of even the experienced oil field workers have knowledge that is just limited to the tasks that they personally perform every day.

The tradespeople working in the oil industry are guarded about the particular jobs that they do, they don’t want competition, someone else trying to do what they do, and possibly taking their job.  But it’s that way throughout the entire oil industry, whether its a truck driver, drill rig floor hand, work over rig hand, pumper, automation & controls, engineer, or land man, they have knowledge that is mostly limited to just what they personally do, and they are reluctant to share what they do know.

It is very hard to get accurate, concise, useful information about the oil industry, partly because most of the people working in the industry have just small bits and pieces of knowledge, and what they do have, it is guarded and not shared.

I was very surprised, astonished, when I was reading a news article yesterday about the price of oil, and the article referenced data compiled by a law firm Haynes and Boone.  I couldn’t believe it, Haynes and Boone had compiled complete lists of every oil company and oil field service company in the U.S. that had filed for bankruptcy since 2015.

One of the areas that the law firm Haynes and Boone specializes in, is oil company bankruptcy and restructuring.  In order to identify what is happening in the oil industry at any given time, they compiled complete lists of the oil companies and oil field service companies that had filed for bankruptcy, and how much debt these companies have.

The reason why this information compiled by Haynes and Boone is interesting to me, is because I am so sick and tired of misinformation and propaganda being spread by local Chambers of Commerce, business magazines, and newspapers, that gladly relay the press releases and marketing ploys of the oil companies.

When things are going bad in an industry, often times the companies will make a big effort to make the public believe the exact opposite of what is actually happening, in order to keep company stock prices high, in order to continue to receive investments and operating loans, to put employees at ease, and to keep up the charade for as long as possible when on the verge of collapse.

Another reason why the Haynes and Boone bankruptcy information is interesting to me, is for me to be able to decide what kind of work that I want to do in the future, where do I want to live, and where do I want to buy property.

During the North Dakota oil boom from 2007-2014, there were rumors being spread around the World about everyone making over $100K per year working in the oil field of North Dakota.  This was far from being true, but the rumor persisted.  If workers were being paid $100K per year, how much money could you make by starting an oil company or an oil field service company?

When I looked at the Haynes and Boone bankruptcy lists, I saw some oil field companies on the lists that I had applied to work for in the past, such as Key Energy and Weatherford, but there were other company names that I recognized.  Key Energy and Weatherford had hundreds or thousands of employees, company yards and warehouses, trucks, cranes, and heavy equipment.  They performed a great deal of work in the oil field, but they filed for bankruptcy???  How do I make sense of that?

It turns out that the oil industry really is a boom and bust industry.  People think that they are going to become rich, but bankruptcy is the result instead for many people and businesses.  We think of oil company owners as billionaires and millionaires, but if you look at the bankruptcy lists, many oil companies went out of business, owing creditors hundreds of millions of dollars.

Here is the link to the Haynes and Boone lists:  https://www.haynesboone.com/Publications/energy-bankruptcy-monitors-and-surveys

North Dakotans Need To Begin Worrying About The Coronavirus

The “novel coronavirus” which began infecting people in the city of Wuhan China in January of this year, escaped from the Wuhan Institute of Virology, a Biological Weapons Laboratory.  No mainstream media in the World is reporting this, but here is most of the documentation on how this happened  https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/did-china-steal-coronavirus-canada-and-weaponize-it .

Though the Chinese government has admitted that the novel coronavirus has now spread to every province in China, the Chinese government is greatly under-reporting the number of people infected and the number of fatalities.  As of this evening, the Chinese government is stating that the number of people infected is roughly 9,000.  This infection number does not make sense, because China has a population of over 1 billion people, and reports from people in China are that all of the hospitals are currently maxed-out on their patient capacity.

The city of Wuhan was quarantined in late January, but the quarantine was announced ahead of time, and hundreds of thousands to millions of Chinese fled the area prior to the quarantine.  The coronavirus has an incubation period of up to two weeks, with the infected person showing no signs of sickness early on with the disease.  Thus, tens of thousands of Chinese were allowed to leave China and travel to other countries, being carriers of the virus without showing signs of sickness, coming into contact with tens of thousands of other travelers from other countries.

At the end of this blog post article, I will include a video from a Phd in Pathology, who made a video yesterday explaining that the fatality rate of a regular flu virus is 0.1%, whereas the the fatality rate of the novel coronavirus appears to be 3%, and requires much more intensive medical care.

My purpose in making this blog post article, is to warn as many people as possible in North Dakota, to start preparing for the coronavirus now, because I predict that there will be a nationwide panic in the U.S. within about seven days from now.

The first element of the panic, that I honestly believe is coming, will be a swarm of people hurrying to the stores all at once to buy food, water, medication, filtration masks, and other supplies.  The fact that everyone will do this all at once, at the same time, is one of the things that will incite hysteria in people.  The trigger will be, the major news networks eventually warning people to stay inside and try not to go out in public.

North Dakota has some risk of the coronavirus infecting local people due to several causes.  The colleges and universities in North Dakota do have some foreign students, out-of-state students, and study abroad students who will be traveling through foreign countries or large airports.  The oil field in North Dakota has many workers who are from out-of-state or foreign countries who will be traveling outside North Dakota.

Once there are outbreaks of the coronavirus in large crowded cities like Los Angeles, Phoenix, Dallas, Denver, Seattle, Portland, St. Louis, and Minneapolis, the city dwellers will try to flee the cities for uninfected rural areas, and many of these city dwellers will be infected carriers of the coronavirus.

The first thing that North Dakotans can do to prepare before the nationwide panic, is to begin buying extra food, water, medication, pet food, toilet paper, hygiene items, and other supplies to accumulate enough necessities to be able make it through either a voluntary or involuntary quarantine.

Another thing that North Dakotans need to do, is look up reputable legitimate internet websites that advise on preventative measures and treatments for coronavirus infections.  Families may eventually need to make the decision whether to allow their children to attend school, whether the adults should stay home from work, or should the family stay home and not go to church in order to avoid contact with other people.

Here is a recent video from Chris Martenson, Phd in Pathology, who gives much more important, relevant, up to date information than the mainstream media regarding the novel coronavirus:

Do The People In Dickinson Have To Worry About The Coronavirus

Do the people in Dickinson, North Dakota have to worry about the coronavirus?  Yes, they do.

All of the international main stream media news sources are under-reporting and mis-reporting about the coronavirus that currently is most affecting the city of Wuhan in China.  The under-reporting and mis-reporting are in many cases a deliberate attempt to not cause panic and disruption, particularly economic disruption.

There are many facts that are not being reported.  One of the main facts is that this particular coronavirus was isolated and stored in Canada’s National Microbiology Laboratory more than ten years ago.  In this Canadian NML laboratory, two of the highest level medical doctor/scientist researchers were a Chinese husband and wife, Dr. Keding Cheng and Dr. Xiangguo Qiu.  It was discovered a couple of years ago, that without authorization, this Chinese couple had transported the coronavirus to the Wuhan Institute of Virology, part of China’s Biological Warfare Program.  Here is the very lengthy documentation on how this happened https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/did-china-steal-coronavirus-canada-and-weaponize-it

The second and third important facts that are not being reported, are the actual number of people infected in China, and the number of people who have died in China.  Medical Doctor to Medical Doctor communication between the Chinese and the outside world, states that the number of persons infected in the city of Wuhan is over 100,000.

The fourth fact that is not being reported, is that hundreds of thousands of Chinese people successfully fled Wuhan before the quarantine of Wuhan went into effect.  Many Chinese people left China on international airline flights.  The incubation period of the coronavirus before any symptoms are shown is two weeks.  This means that possibly thousands of infected Chinese people dispersed throughout the World.

The coronavirus is airborne, and can live on surfaces for up to five days.  It is spread through contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth.

For the time being, with only five reported cases of the coronavirus in the U.S., the first danger that people in Dickinson, North Dakota will face, is a copycat run on food and supplies in the U.S. that will take place about seven days from now.

My belief is, that within about seven days from now, many people in the U.S. will wake up to the facts that this coronavirus escaped from a Chinese biological warfare laboratory in Wuhan, the number of infected people in China is in the millions, that the coronavirus has made it to the U.S., and that they had better go to the store right now and buy enough food, water, and supplies so that they can stay home and not go out in public if possible.

From the prepper/survivalist internet articles that I am reading, in California several days ago people started stocking up on food, water, and “N95” filtration masks.  In some places in California, Home Depot has sold out of filtration masks, and put up signs saying “limit 10 per customer”.

I had meant to do this several days ago, but I just now got around to buying about a ten day supply of food and water.  I have very little food in my apartment, so this is what I bought at the Family Dollar store in Dickinson for $33:  24 bottles of water, 20 packets Ramen noodles, 4 bowls spicy noodles, 4 packets instant potatoes, 4 tins of spam, 4 tins of Vienna sausage, 4 rolls toilet paper, 1 roll paper towels.  I need to add allergy medication and cat food.

The reason why I bought the food and water listed above, is because I believe that there will be a copycat panic, and a copycat run on food, water, and supplies in Dickinson, within about seven days from now.  I don’t want to be in a panic, I don’t want to be upset and trying to compete with other people at Walmart or Family Fare, frantically trying to grab canned goods from the store shelves as they are emptying.

Update 1/30/20:

The Chinese government has just imposed a penalty of seven years in prison for anyone reporting on the coronavirus contrary to government press releases.  It is difficult now for anyone inside China to speak out or share video of what is happening.  Here is one recent video from January 27, but these videos are becoming scarce:

Is This A Case Of I Dindu Nuffin In Dickinson, North Dakota

A 24 year old Dickinson resident, Chelsey Borden, has filed a complaint against Dickinson Police Officer Chad Hopponen alleging that the officer used excessive force in arresting her on January 18.

I will try to give a brief timeline of events as reported by the Dickinson Press newspaper in their January 23 article  https://www.thedickinsonpress.com/news/4879312-Woman-accuses-Dickinson-officer-of-using-excessive-force-department-to-investigate .

On January 18 at approximately 1 a.m. Chelsey Borden left “Army’s West” sports bar and went to the Holiday gas station and convenience store located approximately two city blocks to the east.

Chelsey waited inside the Holiday convenience store and talked to the cashier while waiting for a friend of hers to arrive.  When her friend arrived, Funmi Ujima, the two of them continued to talk together inside of the store.

Within a short time, another woman walked into the store, who was known to both Chelsey and the friend that Chelsey was talking to.  Chelsey said that she had had problems with this woman before, and that this woman began to argue, act aggressive, and then this woman physically attacked her.

 A physical fight ensued, and Dickinson Police Officer Chad Hopponen arrived while this physical fight was still in progress.

The above timeline is roughly what happened, the bare facts.  For the rest of the story, Chelsey Borden has her version, and Police Officer Chad Hopponen has his version.

Chelsey’s Version:

Chelsey said that the other woman pushed her, took a swing at her, and that she was only trying to defend herself when Police Officer Hopponen arrived.  Chelsey said that Officer Hopponen yelled at her, put his finger in her face, yelled at her to put her fucking hands behind her back, and yelled at her to fucking get down on the floor.

Chelsey’s quote from the Dickinson Press then said at this point, that Chelsey put her hands up, and said, Sir, please calm down, and let me explain what happened.  Then, “Without notice or warning he swiped at my face and aggressively forced me to the ground causing my injuries,” she said. “I was thrown into the back of Officer Hopponen’s police cruiser, and he never asked me what happened or listened to my pleas for him to loosen the cuffs, which left bruises on my wrists to this day.”

Some of Chelsey’s complaints are, the Police Officer used excessive force, she suffered a cut on her cheek, she suffered bruising because the handcuffs were used improperly, and the Police Officer didn’t use the training he was taught for de-escalation.

The Police/Officer Chad Hopponen’s version:

The Dickinson Police stated that they do not want to discuss this arrest prior to the completion of both the criminal case and their internal investigation of Police Officer Chad Hopponen, beyond a few initial statements.  “According to police, Borden was arrested shortly after 1:30 a.m. inside the store for what police say was disorderly and tumultuous behavior. Police say Borden resisted the officer’s attempts to gain compliance and take her into custody.”  “Capt. Joe Cianni, Dickinson Police Department, said that the altercation and subsequent arrest were captured on audio and video footage.”

The Dickinson Press newspaper article covering this incident was fairly well written, it was detailed, and thorough.  I wouldn’t say that it was leaning in either Chelsey Borden’s favor or Police Officer Chad Hopponen’s favor, but this article does not include Police Officer Chad Hopponen’s observations, assessments, or opinions, only Chelsey’s.

In a way, this Dickinson Press newspaper story is one-sided, because Police Officer Chad Hopponen wasn’t able to tell his side of the story.  Many months from now, probably not until the criminal case against Chelsey Borden is concluded, the video and audio, of the altercation and the arrest will be made public.

I am writing about this news story, because I am angry about it.  I want to point out what is not being told.  Someone called the Police that night, it was probably the Holiday convenience store clerk.  Everything was not going along fine, everything was not going O.K., there was an argument and then a physical fight between two people at 1:30 a.m. inside the store.

Whoever called the Dickinson Police Department, they didn’t just say that there was a fight inside the Holiday convenience store, the Police Dispatcher asks the caller to explain who is fighting, give a description, what are they wearing, are there any weapons, what is happening.  I believe that it is likely that the caller told the dispatcher who attacked who, and who was hitting who.

Something else that is not being told, is that there was probably alcohol involved.  It was 1:30 a.m. following a Friday night, Chelsey had just come from a bar, one or more of the parties involved had probably been drinking alcohol.  Stop and think about it, when was the last time that you saw a fist-fight between two women at the Family Dollar or Family Fare grocery store during the day?  This is not normal behavior.

My opinion is that when Officer Hopponen arrived at the Holiday convenience store, the Police Dispatcher had already given a description of the aggressor to the Police Officer, based on the information that was given by the caller.  Or, that based on what Officer Hopponen saw as he approached, he was able to determine who the aggressor appeared to be.

I believe that Officer Hopponen encountered two very angry, combative, aggressive women who were currently engaged in a fist-fight inside the store.  My opinion is, that one or both of the women were probably under the influence of alcohol, were not using normal judgement, and were not complying with Officer Hopponen’s instructions.

In Chelsey’s statements to the Dickinson Press reporter, she said that she was being yelled at by Officer Hopponen to put her fucking hands behind her back, and fucking get down on the floor, but instead of doing what he asked, she stood there with her hands up, saying let me explain.

When Police Officers arrive somewhere to possibly make an arrest, they do not know if the people that they are dealing with have any weapons on their person, such as a knife or a firearm.  They would like to have compliance in handcuffing the person, rather than resistance or refusal, because they do not know if the person is armed or what they will do next.  Failing to comply with the Police Officer’s request, means more to the Police Officer than just a difference of opinion, it poses a threat to the Police Officer.

Chelsey said that Officer Hopponen should have used his de-escalation training.  He wasn’t trying to de-escalate, he was trying to make an arrest, take someone into custody, and transport them to jail.  De-escalation, what does that mean in this case, not being arrested, not being taken to jail, and not having two misdemeanor charges on your record?

Prior to publishing this blog post article, I went to the North Dakota Court Repository internet site, and typed in “Chelsey Borden” for Stark County criminal cases.  There is no record of her arrest, which probably means that the prosecutor or the police have dropped the charges against her.

Once the internal Dickinson Police Department investigation of Officer Chad Hopponen has been completed, the Dickinson Police said that the audio and video of the altercation and the arrest will be released to the public upon request.  I am very interested to see and hear what happened.

What Is Happening To The Stolen Bicycles In Dickinson, North Dakota

Between 8 p.m. Sunday night and 4 a.m. Monday morning, someone cut the chain on my neighbor Matt’s bicycle in his front yard, and stole it.  This is the second bicycle that has been stolen from my neighbor Matt in this past year.

This most recent bicycle that was stolen from Matt was only worth about $100.  However the previous bicycle that was stolen from Matt was worth about $500 to $2,000 because it was a very good condition mountain bike that was a rare, collectible bicycle, that there are very few of in existence.

Six months ago I had my white color Mongoose mountain bicycle stolen where I live in downtown Dickinson.  This bicycle had a 1/2″ diameter steel Master Lock cable going through its frame and tires.  The thieves made an unsuccessful attempt, then came back one week later with a Dremel type cutting disk, and cut through the steel cable.   I say “thieves”, because there were two of them, the theft was recorded by my security camera.

The Mongoose mountain bicycle that was stolen from me was rare.  In the seven years that I owned it, I never ever saw another one like it where I bought it in Texas, or in Idaho, Utah, and North Dakota where I was living.  It had a white frame, with green/black accents, and green/black parts.

My white Mongoose bicycle, and especially Matt’s rare, collectible bicycle, could not be painted without destroying the value.  Even if my stolen bicycle, or Matt’s stolen bicycle were painted, we would still be able to recognize our bicycles.  The point is, whoever stole our bicycles, can’t ride them or try to sell them in Dickinson, and they know it.

Unpainted, at a glance I could recognize my stolen Mongoose bicycle 1/8 mile away on the street, driving by a yard, porch, or open garage.  Matt could recognize his stolen bicycle the same as I could identify mine.  Either one of us spotting our stolen bicycles would result in us stopping the rider, going up to where it was located, talking to whoever had it, and then calling the Police.

It became apparent that these stolen bicycles aren’t being sold or ridden in Dickinson.  I will explain again, that these are not kids doing this.  The thieves recorded by my security camera stealing my bicycle were not kids.  Kids don’t come out at 2:00 a.m. with large bolt cutters and Dremel tools, to cut chains and lock cables.

In any case, even if it were kids who were stealing our bicycles, they are not selling them or riding them in Dickinson.  These stolen bicycles are being stored somewhere, out of sight, in someplace like a backyard with concealment, a basement, garage, utility shed, house, trailer, or van.

There would be no point in stealing these bicycles if the thieves couldn’t sell them or ride them in Dickinson.  The thieves must be taking these stolen bicycles to some place like Bismarck.  Bismarck is the closest large city, 100 miles to the east.

The four hour, 200 mile round trip to Bismarck with stolen bicycles wouldn’t be worth the time and the cost of the trip, unless the thieves had more than several stolen bicycles to sell.  This means that the thieves have to be using either a van or an enclosed utility trailer to make the trip to Bismarck, or wherever they are traveling to sell these stolen bicycles.

Is has occurred to me, and other people have commented to me, that it should not be that difficult for the Police in Dickinson to find out who has a van load or trailer load full of stolen bicycles.  They just have to catch the bicycle thief one time, or a neighbor has to see this happening and report it, or a criminal in custody has to snitch, or an informant has to tell, and then its over for this bicycle theft ring of criminals.

It’s kind of like the Police in Dickinson are allowing this to happen, like this is harmless.  I wonder if the Police in Dickinson aren’t using some kind of logic like, “If we let these people steal small things, and commit small crimes, then they won’t have to commit big crimes like armed robbery.”

I wish that the Police in Dickinson would try to stop all crime, and not have any tolerance for any crime.  But, crime in Dickinson is not entirely the fault of the Police.  The Judges and the Department of Corrections keep letting all the criminals loose on parole/probation instead of jail/prison.

The Withdrawal Of The Dickinson Press Newspaper

On January 13, 2020 I read a Dickinson Press Newspaper article that announced that beginning in March, the newspaper would no longer be published every day of the week, and instead would only be published once per week on Wednesdays.

I was sorry to hear this.  I like reading the Dickinson Press, and there is very little to do in Dickinson, North Dakota.  It seemed as if Dickinson had so little going on, and had become so inconsequential, that it did not really merit having a newspaper anymore, that was my first reaction.

The explanation that the Dickinson Press gave had three main points.  They said that many newspapers across the country were making the decision to transition to becoming an on-line internet news service.  This would supposedly allow the Dickinson Press Newspaper to add important news stories throughout the day, and provide up to the minute news.

The other reason that was mentioned, was that with the Dickinson Press Newspaper only being published one day per week on Wednesdays, the newspaper could be printed in Bismarck, instead of Dickinson.  This would allow the newspaper to no longer employ a staff of experienced print press employees in Dickinson, maintain a printing press in Dickinson, and be able to sell off their large building in Dickinson.

I do not have any animosity towards the owners of the Dickinson Press Newspaper, Forum Communications Company in Fargo.  Ever since Forum Communications purchased the Dickinson Press Newspaper in 1995, many people in Dickinson believed that the Forum Communications Company was prejudiced against the people in Dickinson, because the economy, culture, and politics in Fargo on the far east side of the state are completely different than small, rural, conservative Dickinson on the west side of the state.

It is true that the owners and staff of the Forum Communications Company in Fargo have a very different outlook and beliefs from the people in Dickinson, but I always thought of this as benefit for the newspaper.  The Dickinson Press Newspaper was very “fact finding” and “truth finding” in their news stories, regardless of who in Dickinson would be embarrassed or negatively impacted by the actual truth.

When a news story concerning Dickinson was very, very contentious, the Forum Communications Company would assign the story to one of their other newspapers, such as the Grand Forks Herald, and then carry the story in the Dickinson Press Newspaper, which I thought was an excellent way to handle the situation.

After the initial feeling of shock that the Dickinson Press Newspaper would no longer be published daily, I immediately began to feel a sense of dread that Dickinson would now become even more corrupt, more backward, and more primitive than ever before.

Historically and up to the present day, there have been so many scandals and so many terrible things going on in Dickinson, it seemed that the only thing keeping the Evil from winning was the Dickinson Press Newspaper warning people what was going on, so that the people would know.

I could say that now, I don’t know what is going to happen, but that’s not true, I do know what is going to happen.  All of the bad things that are going on and have been going on in Dickinson, the out-of-control crime, drug dealing, drug use, and drug addiction; the unethical, immoral, and illegal financial scheming; the bullying and mistreatment of city and private employees in Dickinson, is all going to become much, much worse.

In Dickinson, the Mayor, Chief of Police, Chamber of Commerce, the Dickinson Mafia, Business Owners, and Realtors, like to hide what is going on.  They do every thing they can to talk Dickinson up, so that people will continue to come here.

A better way to run Dickinson, would be to illuminate the bad, immoral, unethical, and criminal activity in Dickinson, address it, fix it, stop it.  Then, people would come to Dickinson and stay here, because it was a nice, clean, safe, peaceful, well-run town.

In a way, I kind of feel that Forum Communications is giving up on Dickinson, because it is an exercise in futility.  For instance, one to three times per week, the Dickinson Press Newspaper publishes the “Police Blotter” or “Crime & Courts” articles.  In these articles, week after week, over and over, it is the same people who are getting arrested and appearing in court for possession of drugs, driving on a suspended license, assault, burglary, etcetera.  The same people, again and again, over and over, repeat, repeat, repeat.  Why even bother, can’t the people in Dickinson even read or take a hint?

The Forum Communications assigned a reporter to write a very thorough and detailed five-part series of articles, explaining why there are so many repeat offenders without an end in sight.  It’s because it costs $43,000 per year to put an offender in prison, versus $1,700 per year to place an offender on parole/probation.  North Dakota is not putting or keeping repeat criminals in prison where they belong.

The People, Police, and Judges in Dickinson are still blind to the out-of-control crime in Dickinson, so why even bother writing about it, reporting on it, or explaining it, the people in Dickinson don’t appear to be able to read or understand.  This is one of reasons why it is pointless to have a newspaper in Dickinson, the people don’t appear to be able to read or understand what is written, or they would rather the truth not be told or heard.